TEST: Ultrasound for Pleural Disease: Beyond a Pocket of Pleural Fluid

TEST: Ultrasound for Pleural Disease: Beyond a Pocket of Pleural Fluid


$200.00 USD


$250.00 USD

Provided by the American Thoracic Society
Release Date: September 16, 2022

Program Description

The evolution of pleural disease imaging modalities through the years has helped the scientific community understand and treat various disease states. Ultrasound (US) has been an image modality that has reigned superior to those used in the past such as chest X-ray and computed tomographic scan in terms of cost effectiveness, portability, and reduction in unwarranted radiation exposure to patients. 

Here we provide a succinct review of US use in pleural disease including imaging techniques, identifying safe pleural space for access, and predicting pleural fluid volume and etiology along with specificities regarding trapped lung identification and pleural mass biopsy. 

We believe bedside chest US is an adjunct to the physical exam adding superior diagnostic abilities. Further research is warranted in more specific aspects of sonographic use such as in fibrinolytic therapy management, evaluation for trapped lung, and the utility of specific modes like the color flow Doppler.

Target Audience

Pulmonologists, critical care specialists, translational researchers, and clinicians

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, learners should be able to:

  • Identify the capabilities of ultrasound in evaluating pleural effusion etiology.
  • Describe the accuracy of chest ultrasound in comparison to other imaging modalities for the detection of pleural effusions.
  • Interpret common ultrasound findings in pleural effusion and describe their clinical relevance.

Course summary

Available Credit:
1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit

Format: Journal


The American Thoracic Society is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Credit Type Credit/Points Credit Designation Statement
AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ 1.00 The American Thoracic Society designates this Journal for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


Article Authorship Disclosures (as submitted to the ATS prior to article publication date)

Kinner M. Patel, M.D. (Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, USA) reported no relevant financial relationships.

Kazi Ullah, M.D. (Stony Brook University Renaissance School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, USA) reported no relevant financial relationships.

Hassan Patail, M.D. (Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, USA) reported no relevant financial relationships.

Sahar Ahmad, M.D. (Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, USA) reported no relevant financial relationships.

Off-Label Usage Disclosure


Disclosures of AnnalsATS CME Planners

The Annals of the American Thoracic Society (AnnalsATS) original research, commentaries, reviews, and educational content of interest to clinicians and clinical investigators in pediatric and adult pulmonary and sleep medicine and medical critical care. The scope of the journal encompasses content that is applicable to clinical practice, the formative and continuing education of clinical specialists, and the advancement of public health.

The publication of articles that meet these goals by itself is only one step in a multi-step process for the translation of evidence-based improvements in are to clinical practice. Testing for CME credit is designed to function as a next step in the process. This is accomplished through a series of questions written by the author(s) to test that readers have the tools needed to translate recommendations for diagnostic and therapeutic clinical care into clinical practice. Members of the AnnalsATS editorial board review these questions and edit these questions for clarity, educational content, and the quality of the evidence.


To receive credit for this journal article:

  1. Read the journal article. Keep track of how long it takes you to read it.
  2. Once you open the article, the Post-Test becomes available. After reading the article, answer the post-test questions. You must answer all questions correctly to earn credit. You may take the test as many times as you like.
  3. Once you pass the Post-Test, the Evaluation becomes available. Answer all the evaluation questions.
  4. Once you complete the evaluation, select the amount of credit to receive based on the time it took you to read the article.
  5. You can view, save and print your Certificate by pressing the Certificate button.
  6. To review the credits you've earned in this system and reprint certificates, go to the My Learning drop-down list. Then select Transcript.